Shorttailed Nurse Shark (Pseudoginglymostoma brevicaudatum)


Found in the shallow tropical waters of the west Indian Ocean, from Tanzania to Kenya and Madagascar, Shorttailed nurse sharks are the smallest member of the nurse shark family only reaching a length of 75 cm. They have been reported of living up to 30 years and are distinguishable from other nurse sharks by having equal sized and rounded dorsal fins and anal fins, rounded tips of pectoral fins and short nasal barbels. They also have a particularly short precaudal tail, hence their name. This species has a dark dorsal side and is pale ventrally.

Females are sexully mature at 55 to 60 cm. They are oviparous laying two eggs in each clutch up to two days apart. First being bred by the Artis Royal Zoo in Amsterdam, the species takes 5.5 months to hatch at 24°C. Neonates being 14 cm in length and weighing 17-20 grams.
My largest neonate was 14 cm in length and weighed 23 grams. One mature female produced six eggs annually.

Food of preference in captivity is a variety of fish such as sardine, mackerel, eel, shrimp, squid and scallop.

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Female adult dentition
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